Rihanna has sold 100 million more records than Beyoncé

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The following evaluation draws from an analysis of data compiled on Wikipedia’s ‘List of best-selling music artists’ page, as well as Wikipedia’s pages for the discographies of Rihanna and Beyoncé. All three pages cite many sources including Billboard, Spin Magazine, the RIAA Database, AllMusic, and recording industry databases of dozens of countries including Australia, Denmark, Japan, Poland, and Sweden. The following are links to each page:

List of best-selling music artists

Rihanna discography

Beyoncé discography


The charts aren’t everything. But the best-selling musicians of all time tend to be of the legendary sort.

You probably have some names in mind off the top of your head: Michael Jackson, Madonna, The Beatles, whatever. And out of today’s more active artists, you’re probably thinking, “Yeah, I’m sure Beyoncé is stomping on the heads of Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston on her way to the top-10.”

Well slooow down there. Here’s some perspective for you:

  • Beyoncé, who’s first solo project was released in 2003, has sold 100 million records and released seven studio albums in her solo career.
  • Rihanna, who’s first project was released in 2005, has sold 200 million records and released eight studio albums.

For the sake of fairness, let’s also consider the numbers Destiny’s Child put up in the case of Beyoncé’s record sales. The trio sold 60 million records off of four studio albums. Being the leader of the group, let’s call it fair to add those four albums and 60 million records to Beyoncé’s tally (160 million records, 10 albums). Still, surprisingly, Rihanna has her soundly beat in records sold with fewer albums.

How? Why? Does it matter?

Let’s try to put these numbers in context.

For starters, “records” include sales and downloads of singles, albums, and music videos. Estimating the equivalent of an album sale through single sales and music video views has always been difficult. This is why the ‘Claimed sales’ category on Wikipedia’s list has much different numbers than the ‘Total certified units’ category.

The impact of digitally-consumed music has made sales claims more accurate over the years. For instance, the claimed sales of Madonna, Elton John, and Led Zeppelin are all at least 100 million records higher than the total certified units for each act.

But look at the claimed-to-certified ratio of artists who started releasing records in the 2000s, and it’s clear that the estimates are more accurate. Katy Perry, Bruno Mars, and Adele all have claimed sales estimates within 20 million of the total certified units each artist has.

This realization makes the splits between the solo sales of Rihanna and Beyoncé even more eye-opening:

But, but…Rihanna really got it like that on Beyoncé? What explanation is there for this other than Rihanna just has more of the juice than we thought?

Charts favor Rihanna, critics favor Beyoncé

While Beyoncé has the kind of star-power to overshadow acts as big as Coldplay and Bruno Mars at the Super Bowl—and even Rihanna herself on her special night at this year’s MTV VMAs—Rihanna has had a pop focus to her music for much longer. An article on Rolling Stone comparing the trajectories of the two in 2011 provided a lot of insight into each artist’s direction.

Rihanna and Beyoncé are known to make songs for the club, but the pop/dance lane has defined Rihanna significantly more than it has Beyoncé. This is especially true when you consider the number of singles, as well as the types of singles, Rihanna has topped the charts with. Rihanna has an overwhelming 32 RIAA-certified platinum singles in her career, while Beyoncé has a relatively modest 12. In fact, Rihanna has more singles that are triple-platinum or greater than Beyoncé has platinum singles (14). She’s the only artist ever with more than 100 million RIAA-certified singles sold, and it weighs heavily in her total sales.

As said in the aforementioned Rolling Stone article, Beyoncé has always shown more of a focus on cohesive projects than chart-toppers. Her 2011 release was a noticeable departure from any obvious attempts at dominating the charts, with one single meeting lukewarm reception (‘Run The World’), and another being an R&B ballad (‘Best Thing I Never Had’). Simply put, Beyoncé hasn’t cared to take advantage of digital music consumption for as long or as aggressively as Rihanna has. The trade off has been better albums, and a stronger reputation as an artist.

Since 4, each successive Beyoncé album has been met with greater critical reception. Today, we have Lemonade, a guaranteed contender at the Grammys for Album of the Year, nominated for multiple Emmys, and all without a top-5 single. Her evolution has been phenomenal. The trade-off of this evolution is that her content has stopped being tailored to compete with easy-to-spin records like ‘We Found Love’, ‘Don’t Stop The Music’, or ‘This Is What You Came For’.

Queen of streaming

It also helps to note that Rihanna’s rise into pop stardom coincided with the rise of digital music consumption. Whereas many of Beyoncé’s early attempts at chart dominance happened with Destiny’s Child and the early 2000s, pretty much all of Rihanna’s singles have had the luxury of immediately being available on streaming and digital sales platforms.

The power of online music platforms plus Rihanna’s reach into the dance/electro-pop world casts her net a lot wider when it comes to the influence of her singles. In an era of rabid digital consumption, having people play just a couple of your songs from an album on repeat, or racking up numbers selling that one single on iTunes goes a long way in making someone commercially successful. All you have to do is look at Rihanna’s current boyfriend to understand how the right singles can make a mild album wildly successful.

So really Beyoncé is better…right?

As discussed in my article on the Drake-Kendrick Lamar and Michael Jackson-Prince rivalries, mass appeal carries more weight in the evaluation of an artist than people like to admit. But unlike those two rivalries, the respective star powers of Rihanna and Beyoncé are on the same playing field. And if the scales were to tip one way, they would tip toward Beyoncé who is selling out stadiums that Rihanna is having trouble filling the seats in.

Comparing Rihanna and Beyoncé is always fun. Two female artists with the magnitudes of Rihanna and Beyoncé coexisting is bound to make people pit them against each other. But for as much as there is to compare, there’s a lot about their paths to reconsider.

For one, Beyoncé has been on the scene for a while longer. Setting out on a more personally fulfilling journey with her music is something she can safely do given the stripes she’s earned with Destiny’s Child and her first few albums. In defense of Rihanna’s lack of critical acclaim relative to Beyoncé, ANTI was her first full attempt at not making music for the radio. Where many might have seen ANTI‘s lack of successful singles as failure, Rihanna’s current situation isn’t unlike Beyoncé’s when dropped. It’s hard to tell if any artist of this generation will mean as much socially as Beyoncé. But given a few more years, it wouldn’t be surprising to see Rihanna evolve beyond her reputation as a Caribbean electro-dance queen.

7 COMMENTS

  1. Never cared much for Beyoncé’s sound. Great voice … a huge talent …but …too packaged. Also; she likes to work with a pole too much.
    Rihanna — great voice, great talent …better sound in all genres –pop, disco queen, rock, ballads.

  2. I agree with the previous comment. I believe that it is Rihanna who is evolving, while Beyonce is stalling. Both have great powers, but only one can manipulate that power to generate novel and creative music-Rihanna. I also believe that Rihanna’s longevity will outrun any other artist in the current field. We continue to under-estimate her, which is why whenever she drops another record that is good we are very surprised by how good it is. I love beyonce, but if she keeps doing the same thing, people will get bored and simply move on. Can’t wait for RihRih’s 15th no.1 song. Who knows, it could be “Wild thoughts” 🙂

    • Thank you for the comment, Mat. I don’t agree with all of it, but I do think it says something important about how the brands of each artist are perceived. Though ‘Lemonade’ is an enormous work with a variety of sounds (skip from ‘Don’t Hurt Yourself’ to ‘Daddy Lessons’ to ‘All Night’ and you’ll be amazed it’s the same album), Rihanna does have a more extensive track record in genres outside of R&B/pop. I also think she has time to reach or surpass Beyoncé in the album game, with ‘Anti’ being a promising step in the direction of an AOTY winning project.

      I wonder what others will think about your assessment of Rih’s longevity and “power to generate novel and creative music.” Does she have both? Absolutely! More so than Beyoncé though? Ehh, tough.

    • To be honest both of them are not that great singers as Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, Celine Dion, Lara Fabian,Aretha Franklin, Tina Turner, Barbra Streisand…..but in term of singing Beyonce is much better than Rihanna.

      • Martin,

        Thanks for your comment! If it’s purely a debate about vocals, I’d agree with you and say Beyoncé has Rih beat in that department. But each artist has their strengths.

  3. Take Rihanna over Beyonce any day ! She follows in pop music’s first female mega star’s (Donna Summer) footsteps…leaning heavily on dance music and being forward thinking in her music. That is why she is more popular globally.

    • Thank you for your comment! Seems to be a lot of Rihanna admirers flocking to this article, haha.

      Honestly, barely recognized the name Donna Summer. But a quick Google search and WOW. Not only was her career incredible, I see the comparison. Thank you for the historical perspective.

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